Is debridement a surgical wound?

Question: If my patient had a debridement, can I mark 1 (Yes, patient has at least one (observable) surgical wound) in M1340?

Lisa says: No, debridement is not a surgical treatment, and CMS clearly states this in its M1340 specific instructions: Debridement or the placement of a skin graft does not create a surgical wound, as these are treatments performed to an existing wound. The wound would continue to be defined as the type of wound previously identified.

However, debridement is a place where OASIS and coding may not always match up. For example, you can code V58.77, Aftercare of surgery of the skin and subcutaneous tissue, NEC, in some cases. For example, for a patient with a debrided diabetic ulcer of the elbow, you can code V58.77 in M1020, and then code 250.80, 707.1x in M1024. The V58.77 code as primary indicates that the focus of care is a wound that is resolving without complications and considering the complexity and chronicity of diabetic ulcers, the V58.77 code is likely not the best choice.

IF V58.77 is used, remember that as a Diabetes case-mix diagnosis, 250.80 and 707.1x can go in both M1024 and M1022, if active. This is still active, of course, so code in M1022.

Just because M1340 isn’t applicable doesn’t mean that you should forget your OASIS … M1350 includes any wounds or skin lesions OTHER than the pressure ulcers, stasis ulcers, surgical wounds already addressed, and bowel ostomies, which are also addressed in another item. The answer ‘yes’ on M1350 means that the skin lesion or wound requires intervention and assessment.

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